Institute for Social and Economic Change

Established in 1972 by Professor V K R V Rao, ISEC is an All-India Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Training in the Social Sciences

Trade Policy and Determinants of Trade in Agriculture – isec

Trade Policy and Determinants of Trade in Agriculture

Abstract

India has been faithful in meeting the requirements of WTO in terms of the removal of quantitative restrictions on agricultural commodities. With this, India enters into a new regime of agricultural trade policy. Hitherto, trade in agriculture was treated as a residual and the impact of policy change was predictable. But with change in the policies due to external factors, predicting the impact is difficult. In analysing the determinants of trade in agricultural commodities and the impact of policy changes on the commodities liberalised in the early nineties, it is seen that domestic production has been a strong determinant of trade in agriculture. Even after liberalisation, these commodities are more sensitive to domestic supply conditions, rather than to prices which questions the liberalisation in practice.

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