Institute for Social and Economic Change

Established in 1972 by Professor V K R V Rao, ISEC is an All-India Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Training in the Social Sciences

Promises and Paradoxes of SEZs Expansion in India – isec

Promises and Paradoxes of SEZs Expansion in India


This paper attempts to evaluate the trajectories of Indian Special Economic Zones (SEZs) policy and its performance. Specifically, we try to locate: (a) whether the current SEZ policy merely represents ‘old wine in new bottle’ or there are any new functionalities; (b) how far, operational SEZs meet the expectations of policy makers; (c) are there any basic loopholes still not addressed in the current SEZ policy and if any, how best it can be addressed in the future. The results of the study reveal that, Indian SEZs have failed not only in the idea behind its formulation but also with regard to execution of the policy. Performance analysis of these enclaves reveals a very ambiguous picture. Although in absolute terms, its performance seems quite promising, it is found quite ineffective in diversifying exports basket and and also in promoting a strong industrial base.

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