Institute for Social and Economic Change

Established in 1972 by Professor V K R V Rao, ISEC is an All-India Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Training in the Social Sciences

Institutional Pluralism: Case of Swiddeners in Orissa – isec

Institutional Pluralism: Case of Swiddeners in Orissa


Conventionally, shifting cultivation has been interpreted as an inefficient and destructive practice. More recently, shifting cultivation has been viewed as an inflexible static system (institutionally) ill-suited for adapting to changes. This view holds that it slows agricultural production and causes ecological degradation. Keeping this in view, the present paper tries to identify various institutional forms, including customary institutions, property rights structures, market and technology at the micro level and the forest policies at the macro level which are influential towards decision-making in land use choice.

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