Institute for Social and Economic Change

Established in 1972 by Professor V K R V Rao, ISEC is an All-India Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Training in the Social Sciences

India’s Trade in Dirty Products – isec

India’s Trade in Dirty Products


This paper, focusing on dirty industries, attempts to explain how pollution-intensive are India’s exports and does India really have a comparative advantage in dirty products along with discussing the emerging issues. The analysis, based on UN Comtrade dataset, helps us to argue that much of India’s exports happen under this category, which does cause a high environmental concern. Meanwhile, a majority of the products are noticed having better RCA values, indicating a comparative advantage for their future expansion. While aiming for the same, there is a need to attend to the sector-specific problems encountered by them, along with having a well-knit environmental policy in place.

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