Institute for Social and Economic Change

Established in 1972 by Professor V K R V Rao, ISEC is an All-India Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Training in the Social Sciences

Convergence of Standards of Living Across Indian States – isec

Convergence of Standards of Living Across Indian States

Abstract

Given the limitations using per capita income in evaluating social well being, this study measures standard of living by real per capita consumption and re-examines whether the standards of living across Indian States are converging or not. b -convergence is found for rural sectors of the states during the pre-liberalisation era. Similar result is obtained by combining the rural and urban areas of the states. In contrast, reform period shows opposite results. Furthermore, s -convergence shows that consumption inequality has increased over time.

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